The new education policy 2020 prompts to change the educational anatomy of India. It seeks to provide – “An India-centric education system that contributes directly to transforming our nation sustainably into an equitable and vibrant knowledge society by providing high-quality education to all.”
However, it is a complete remold of the previous education system, written way back in 1986. The national education policy 2020 looks promising and competent in providing diverse education for all. It fits every corner, but its implementation is yet a question mark as it promises various aspects on paper.
In this blog, I will outline the provisions of the new education policy 2020; further, we will also unfold its benefits and flaws.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY:
a. It redesigns the school education in a new 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 model.
b. It aims at achieving a 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio by 2030.
c. The national education policy 2020 aims to attain foundational literacy and numeracy among all students by 2025.
d. The policy articulates to set up Special Education Zones to ensure education for all.
e. Teachers will undergo a vigorous and transparent recruitment process.
a. The national education policy aims at diluting the current 900 universities and 40,000 colleges into only 15,000 multidisciplinary institutions.
b. The policy seeks to include the subjects in higher education to make it more liberal and adaptable.
c. There will be multiple entry and exit points for the aspirants to accomplish any degree.
GRADUATION AND POST-GRADUATION LEVEL:-
a. The graduation will have four years with multiple entry and exit points.
b. The first year is the certificate, the second is the diploma, the third is the degree, and the fourth is the research.
c. THE BREAKPOINTS:
The pupil can leave the course in any year and can resume again when they want. Each year will grant them a certificate, and the third year will allow them to take up competitions and jobs. The fourth-year will help them to study in post-graduation for only one year, otherwise two-years.
a. Stand-alone universities will discontinue.
b. The students will also get vocational training.
c. India will invest about 6% of its GDP in education.
d. The medium of instruction shall be in regional language or the mother tongue, but it is totally up to schools if they follow it or not.
e. International Universities can set up their branch in India.
WHY NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2020 IS REVOLUTIONARY?
ATTRACTING DEMAND FOR EDUCATION: The new education policy 2020 attracts the students to come to the schools. It energizes the educational environment and creates a more knowledge-centric structure. The kids will not put in their heads in exams, and the seniors need not worry about different streams. The fabric gives us room to customize our education. In short, everyone will have a mini education system for themselves.
The first five years of schooling will focus to make the students fall in love with schools and then slowly adapt to different levels of education. It will help to increase the demand for education and will raise our standards of education.
REDUCING THE EDUCATIONAL DIVIDE: The new education policy 2020 addresses the educational divide in India. The government schools are not well-maintained and have lost credibility. It harms the enrolment ratio in government schools. Ultimately, the poor are still deprived of education. The national education policy 2020 envisions to build necessary infrastructures to ensure the accessibility and quality of education. It oaths to establish a 30:1 pupil-teacher ratio to provide mandate care to each student.
The policy-makers want to expand the expanse of education and make it more affordable. A great India is ahead if every village has the same education facility as the towns.
PRACTICAL APPROACH TO EDUCATION: Students will get holistic results to their performances. The curricular, co-curricular, and extra-curricular activities will dilute into one, and the students will harness vocational training like carpentry, tailoring; from an early age. Students will also learn coding from class six onwards.
Education in India has always been theory-centric, and we take more interest in HOW-TOs than the WHYs and WHY-NOTs. The NEP 2020 rejects this old and remiss method of education. The new policies want us to be good learners instead of crammers.
THE NEW HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM: The national education policy 2020 seeks to make the higher educational institutions multidisciplinary and well-equipped. The stand-alone institutions for higher level will merge with others, and the rest institutions will either be universities or degree-providing colleges. The new design is flexible and takes a different approach. There are multiple exit and entry points for the students.
THE MULTIPLE BREAKPOINTS: The escalated fee of the higher institutions compels the students to sacrifice their dreams of higher studies. The new education policy assures degree and knowledge even after early discontinuation. It addresses the issue of exiting education due to financial instability and emergencies.
It clearly states what the policy-makers want Indian education to be – accessible, affordable, and customizable.
WHERE DOES THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2020 GO WRONG?
THE LANGUAGE ISSUE: The new education policy 2020 embeds the value of the regional languages in its documents. It says the primary education must take place in regional languages. It undermines the importance of a common language at the national and international levels.
The national education policy has not made this section rigid, and schools can take their call. It will create a diverse educational system as the mode of education in public and private schools will become different.
THE BREAKPOINTS: The breakpoints(multiple entry and exit points) have a flip side as they enable the students to drop out of higher education and acquire jobs. It retards the purpose of the new education policy 2020, and it may push them to work instead of studying.
The breakpoints can become a loophole in the long run, and the government must address them. It can come with a new scholarship venture for the students with financial need. It will help them to continue their studies without a pause.
AFFORDABILITY- A QUESTION MARK: The NEP 2020 marks a provision to categorize the colleges into different standards and then fix a maximum price. It looks good, and there is nothing wrong with it. But the problem lies in the inclusion of these many provisions at a low rate. The price will surely hike due to the improved quality, and again the private schools will demand higher pay. It questions the affordability of the new education system.
The public sector promises a lot, yet, the implementation and maintenance of the new laws at a low rate urges for a debate.
The new education policy 2020 is a long document that feels like a river in the desert. It brings a lot of hopes and glimmer in our eyes. It can change the way we think the Indian education and redefine it to make it a more credible and vibrant system. It promises to organize the cluttered and mismanaged education system. The national education policy 2020 is one of the best things that happened in 2020 which was a terrible year otherwise.
But as every coin has two sides, the NEP 2020 has its pros and cons. It can be a promise on papers like many other policies. It is a tough policy to implement, and the current institutions make it look worse. There are more issues to address and a lot to revise in the new education policy. However, the government must go strict in its execution and stop it from being a mirage.